I've put off creating a Scots army for quite a while as the numbers of pike simply put me off but with the circumstances of this year it really was a perfect opportunity to quietly push on with a large project. Every figure a small victory for the day in creating something and having progress, it really helped my mindset a lot especially when restrictions were particularly tight and the nights were drawing in.
Special thanks to Michael Perry for donating the figures, it was a great boost and gave the momentum to achieve something.
With 2 boxes of plastic Mercenaries to convert the target was to create a block of 36 pikemen, in particular Scots Lowland pike raised from the borders and towns of the Kingdom suitable for the period 1513-1530.
This covers the 1513 campaign of James IV followed by regency under the Duke of Albany.
In terms of appearance with the exception of the Highlands the Scots looked fairly similar to their English counterparts but unlike the English who were paid for their service the Scots employed a two tier system.
The best equipped men were sourced from and equipped under a retinue system. They came from the households and clans of the leading nobility, these saw service along the border, in raids into Northern England and in the faction warfare that developed following the death of James IV.
The remaining bulk of a Scots field army were men raised under the levy system which in principle required every man aged 16-60 to serve the crown for 40 days in any one year during times of national emergency. They were required to muster with their own equipment and food for anything up to the full 40 days. Their appearance would be fairly rudimentary and with relatively little or no armour.
Sources for the arms and equipment are listed in the following;
- Scottish Renaissance Armies 1513-1550, Jonathan Cooper, Osprey.
- The Anglo Scots Wars, Gervase Philips.
- The Heart and the Rose, the battle of Linlithgow Bridge 1526, Jonathan Cooper.
- Flodden, the Anglo Scots war of 1513, Charles Kightly.
With that brief in mind here are some work in progress photographs which show some of the conversions with green stuff and assemblies.
- A simple green stuff (GS) square added to the padded jack, this will be painted up as a livery badge.
- This assembly was made from the foot knights set with a pike added. Prior to the arms I sculpted a base skirt on to the figure to bring him into the early 16c then worked on the pike arm.This involved very carefully shaving off the fingers on the gauntlet of the knight arm and the main body of the hand on the pike arm (leaving the knuckle and fingers) then gluing them together, a stanley blade is very useful for this.
- The figure is from the Mercenaries command sprue, as with the knight I worked on the body first by adding a GS skirt then a German breastplate - along with the choice of armoured arms this then creates a full set of almain rivet.
- On this figure I was looking to represent a very rudimentary jack of plates with GS.
- The front rank in full armour to represent the nobility and gentlemen who can afford it.
- Behind these in full and part sets of almain rivet, breastplates and brigandines to represent men taken from the households of the nobles and lords under the retinue system.
- The rear ranks feature men in little to no armour pressed into service under the levy system.