Thursday, 28 August 2014

The Anglo French war of 1514 & the destruction of Brighton

spoiling for a fight

The Anglo French war did not cease after Henry's 1513 campaign; Tournai became an English territory, Therouanne was razed, the 'Army Royal' withdrew from Picardy late in the 1513 campaigning season but hostilities were still ongoing, namely in the form of surprise raids and counter-raids along the French & English coastlines.

Here's an example from June 1514 which recounts the destruction of Brighton (Brighthelmstone), it makes for interesting reading and would make an excellent skirmish game;


Did Henry let it lie? the Earl of Surrey, writing on 14 June 1514 from the Mary Rose recounts the English response;

I have been delayed, by contrary winds and lack of victuals, in fulfilling the King's command to land and burn in France; but yesterday I landed in Normandy, three miles W. from Cherbourg Castle, and have burnt all the country four miles west of where I landed, and three miles eastward to the walls of Cherbourg, and two miles inland, "which is as goodly a cou[ntry], and as well builded for small towns and villages, as I have seen in any country." Left no house unburnt that might be looked on, except Cherbourg. The town and castle are very strong. When I landed, I caused Walope, Gonstone, Sa[byne], and about 700 men to land thirty miles west of me. They have not yet returned, but they made such smoke in the country, that for some time we lost sight of land; "and thus I trust your grace be not in the French m[en's deb]t for burning of late of Brighthelmstone." (fn. 3) I send my servant Edward [Bray], who was one of those that had the order of the burning, for your information. I beg you to write letters of thanks to the gentlemen for their toward minds.


Landed yesterday in Normandy three miles west of Cherbourg, and burned [four] miles west, three miles east, and more than [two] inland as far as any house might be seen for great woods, leaving nothing unburnt but abbeys and churches. Burned many gentlemen's country houses, "well builded and stuffed with hangings and be ... of silk, of which neither they nor our men have little pr[ofit], for all or the more part was burnt." Re-embarked without the loss of a man. The night before I landed, to requite the burning of Preer John, I sent Walope, Gonstone, Sabyan, and 700 men to land thirty miles west of me. They have not yet returned, and were so far on our lee that they cannot be here till night, but they burnt the country so sore that we lost sight of the high hills of the Hag. Thinks the King should write a letter of thanks to the Vice-admiral and captains. Never saw men of better will to serve. Sends his servant Edw. Bray for their further information. Thinks Dover and Hastings should be warned to fortify themselves; for if Preer John intend any new business, he will meddle with one of those places, and could [burn] either without danger. When the wind is favorable, I shall send six more ships to those parts to encounter him. In the Mary Rose, before Portland. 14 June.


I must get some more French painted to get some skirmishes underway !

Bye for now

Stuart

Monday, 11 August 2014

Early Tudor Armour


In a few weeks I will be able to get my hands on the latest Perry Miniatures boxed set of Foot Knights which I believe are perfectly suitable for my 1513 era of interest and in some cases perhaps beyond, in this post I shall offer my summary case.


There is no doubt that Henry and his richest nobles would have worn the latest armour of the period in the fashionable Maximilian style as featured above. Henry personally took a number of garnitures, ranging from that above to Flemish influenced Greenwich armour as well as lighter pieces; he is mentioned arriving at Calais wearing a decorated suit of Almain Rivet; these were flexible off the peg pieces favoured by his Landsknecht (Almain) mercenaries. Henry spared no expense in commissioning thousands for the English army for this campaign at 16s a set.



The arrays of his nobles indentured retinues would have presented a much varied image as dictated by their wealth.

One must return to original sources to get a better understanding of the early Tudor Knight. This was a period of relative peace and very little European campaigning thus the English harness remained in a slow transition from high Medieval to early Renaissance as European influence, incliation and budget to follow the latest fashions slowly began to be felt. The Greenwich armoury was in its infancy and at this time was reserved almost exclusively for the king so most nobles would have worn late 15c harness, here are some contemporary examples;



Sir Ralph Verney d.1547

Sir William Mathew d.1528

 Sir John le Strange d.1509

Sir George Speke d.1528 


Sir Humfrey Stafford d.1546

These armours appear late 15c at first glance with earlier features such as tassets and fauld prevalent, however the sabatons are generally moving to the 'bear paw' style typical with the Maximilian and other early renaissance styles. One must also remember that English knights at this time expected to fight on foot which will influence certain aspects; armour appears more symmetrical as the left shoulder does not require extra defense. Also note the remaining adoption of the heraldic tabard, something not typical of the English;

Louis d'Halluin, Lord de Piennes
(Commander of the main French relief army at the Battle of the Spurs)

So, a brief but I hope reasoned argument for more than a smattering of earlier armours in my Tudor ranks. I only intend to have a few bases of foot knights for flexibility, choice, and pure painting fun !

I hope you've had a good summer - my painting desk has languished somewhat as I've watched my daughter grow and enjoy the outdoors with perhaps a large bit of painters block thrown in, I'm often finding that I want to paint when it's not possible and vice versa, some discipline is required methinks.

On that subject keep an eye on my other blog for a nice little Landsknecht update.

Cheerio for now

Stuart


Tuesday, 24 June 2014

French Herald Vignette


Next in my featurette series of vignettes we have a French herald flanked by a standard bearer and Landsknecht with Zweihander.

All figures are Pro Gloria Miniatures. In this composition I wanted to try and show that their ranges don't necessarily have to have an Imperial focus and are quite versatile for use in other European armies, I thought they'd make a great addition to my burgeoning French army.

I'm quite pleased with this one, it has something of a narrative to it; whether addressing a garrison prior to a siege, announcing new taxes or stating terms of engagement as here;


I have painted the Herald in the red and yellow livery of Louis XII's guard units (beneath the tabard), I'm not sure if this was the case as despite my best efforts I have not been able to find an image of a herald contemporary to this reign so I've taken a guess that perhaps they wore the same livery.



Behind him carrying the French Royal banner is a Landsknecht in French Service who has affirmed his loyalties with a painted white cross of St. Denis on his breastplate and red and yellow plumes in his hat. His katzbalger sheath also has white cross motif's on a red ground, possibly indicating Swiss origins.

I was keen to offer contrast to the red and yellow so I opted for a rich two tone garb of blue and white hose and breeches.

In contrast to both figures, the hired protection of the group, is a mean Landsknecht Doppelsoldner resting on his Zweihander. I have painted him in rich but slightly muted colours to indicate him as being part of the Black Band who were hired by the French under the command of English rebel the Duke of Suffolk during the 1513 campaign (and for a number of occasions thereafter).

I know that the Black band were merely that in name rather than an indication of a muted appearance but i think the palette works in this instance.

He wears a tough leather doublet over a rich red and black damask jacket with the black and red slashed sleeves of the doublet underneath showing through, the black doublet further 'slashed' with inlaid cloth of silver - this man is good at his job and has the wares to prove it - i love this figure, it has so much character.


I'm very pleased with this, to a painter and some time gamer these vignettes really appeal - it's not helping swell the ranks of my army and it wont gain any advantage on the table but these things add some character and focus.



Bye for now

Stuart





Sunday, 1 June 2014

Stradiotti


This unit has been a while in the making with the recent Landsknecht distractions but here we have a band of Stradiot light horse in French service.

I last visited this unit some time ago and had completed the four horsemen on either side of the base with the standard bearer, you can read more detail about their creation here.

To complete the unit I recently completed a standard bearer and another Stradiot;

First up, a Stradiot with crossbow;


As with the rest of the unit I was eager to try and use a primary source image as a reference point, the following contemporary wall painting was perfect inspiration for the colour scheme and pattern of the coat;


I liked the mute, rather drab colour scheme and patterning and exaggerated the width of the different horizontal stripes which worked really well on the sleeves, I had to guess what the rest of the coat would be like but I'm happy with the result and will probably experiment further with a different palette when I re-visit these troops (I intend to have a lot of them).
 

The standard bearer was fairly simpler in comparison, his shield is decorated with a sun device - not heraldic as such but more decorative - hand painted, second draft (the first one was a bit cross eyed).

As for the banner, I delayed over this for quite a while as this unit represent the Stradiots which were part of the Therouanne garrison - well, I've assumed that; Tudor sources mention several 'feats of arms and broken lances' were made with Stradiots during the siege but not in sufficient detail to work out whether there were some in the garrison or if these were part of the main body of 800 commanded by the Seigneur de Fontrailles in the relief army of Lord Piennes. I'd welcome any more information on this point from any French sources.

As I intend to represent Fontrailles in another unit I simply opted for a simple cross of St. Denis for these.



When it came to basing the unit I took the lead from James Roach aka Olicanalad who had the notion of basing light cavalry as a swarm to more closely represent their tactics and appearance in action.

I have to second that notion, there's definitely a wild thundering feel to a few bases of these together. I will probably do the same with my Tudor border horse - plus it makes for easier movement, packing and display.

Bye for now

Stuart







Saturday, 10 May 2014

Landsknecht Vignettes


Continuining on a Landsknecht theme, here we have a couple of vignettes; first up a Provost on the heels of a deserter - these figures are actually from the Pro Gloria Miniatures hunters pack but as soon as I had these in my hands I immediately saw them as hunting down a deserter or thief.

The provost wears a good quality waffenrock and is lead by an Alsatian who has caught the scent of his quarry as has the scout who calmly loads a bolt.

I really liked painting these, particularly the contrast in the clothing of the scout and Provost, and of course the dog - the first canine to join my armies.



Next we have some gamblers, it's not looking too good for the drummer as his confident opponent prepares to cast his dice.

Again, lots of fun painting these, the slashings are very defined which makes for easy painting so you can just get on with working out what palette you want to use.

Both of these vignettes will feature in my next article for Pro Gloria Miniatures of which you can see the first here; http://progloria.wordpress.com/2014/05/03/how-to-paint-landsknechts-part-one/

Cheerio

Stuart

Monday, 28 April 2014

Landsknecht Arquebusiers


Something of a long overdue addition to my ranks here we have some Almain, Landsknecht or Lansquenet arquebusiers depending upon which of my army generals pays the most.

These are a mix of Wargames Foundry and Pro Gloria Miniatures which mix quite well and I find the different sculpting seems to emphasise the variety in Landsknecht dress. The PG figures to my eye seem to represent Landsknechts of the 1520's whereas the foundry Perry's look a little earlier. I found them different to paint too, the PG for example are quite characterised as is typical of Paul Hicks' work and have very defined and broad slashing which makes for ease with stripes whereas the Perry's are a bit more fiddly as they're laden with kit - not a bad thing but something to give careful attention for a good result. I think they could integrate quite well so I may try a mixed unit in future as I have found the pike figures work well together.

I have based these in a fairly loose skirmish formation mainly so that each figure can be fully appreciated but from a gaming perspective and for some variety I intend to add to them with some much more closely packed arquebusier companies taking some inspiration from the Pavia tapestry;



this unit had an interesting development; I began with the Perry figures in something of an interpretation of the painted woodcuts of Erhard Schoene, you can read about this in depth over on my other blog here.

Whilst doing this I was approached by Stephan of Pro Gloria who asked me to paint a few figures and write an article for him about my approach to painting Landsknechts, so I added some Pro Gloria figures to this slowly expanding unit.



The arquebusiers I chose from the PG range below illustrate from left to right, simple through to complex, slowly increasing the palette and variety.


The article is still a work in progress and will feature a selection of their range - more on this soon.

Here's some more close ups, you can never have too many when it comes to Landsknechts;


These two figures (above) take inspiration from Schoene's work, particularly in the brim of the hat and the depiction of rich damaskened cloth on some doppelsoldners - a long process for an arm but worth it I hope.




I also used this as an opportunity to do a first (i think) Tudor / Valois skirmish mock up, the light isn't brilliant but may I present a scurrers eye view;


Bye for now

Stuart

Wednesday, 23 April 2014

Cry God for England, Harry and Saint George !


St. George was something of an obsession for Henry VIII; his image and the cross of St. George reached new heights in his early reign, adorning almost every piece of armour he commissioned. During 1513 this coincided neatly with his will to replicate Henry V thus the veneration of Edward the Confessor saw a new following as this and other banners carried at Agincourt were removed from Westminster and taken to France once more.

My blogs have been a bit quiet of late but I am most certainly painting; the desk has a definite Landsknecht theme - yo can never have too many !

Stuart